Serve the remote for restic’s REST API.
rclone serve restic implements restic’s REST backend API over HTTP. This allows restic to use rclone as a data storage mechanism for cloud providers that restic does not support directly.
Restic is a command line program for doing backups.
The server will log errors. Use -v to see access logs.
--bwlimit will be respected for file transfers. Use --stats to control the stats printing.
Once you have set up the remote, check it is working with, for example “rclone lsd remote:“. You may have called the remote something other than “remote:” - just substitute whatever you called it in the following instructions.
Now start the rclone restic server
rclone serve restic -v remote:backup
Where you can replace “backup” in the above by whatever path in the remote you wish to use.
By default this will serve on “localhost:8080” you can change this with use of the “--addr” flag.
You might wish to start this server on boot.
Now you can follow the restic instructions on setting up restic.
Note that you will need restic 0.8.2 or later to interoperate with rclone.
For the example above you will want to use “http://localhost:8080/" as the URL for the REST server.
$ export RESTIC_REPOSITORY=rest:http://localhost:8080/ $ export RESTIC_PASSWORD=yourpassword $ restic init created restic backend 8b1a4b56ae at rest:http://localhost:8080/ Please note that knowledge of your password is required to access the repository. Losing your password means that your data is irrecoverably lost. $ restic backup /path/to/files/to/backup scan [/path/to/files/to/backup] scanned 189 directories, 312 files in 0:00 [0:00] 100.00% 38.128 MiB / 38.128 MiB 501 / 501 items 0 errors ETA 0:00 duration: 0:00 snapshot 45c8fdd8 saved
Note that you can use the endpoint to host multiple repositories. Do this by adding a directory name or path after the URL. Note that these must end with /. Eg
$ export RESTIC_REPOSITORY=rest:http://localhost:8080/user1repo/ # backup user1 stuff $ export RESTIC_REPOSITORY=rest:http://localhost:8080/user2repo/ # backup user2 stuff
The “--private-repos” flag can be used to limit users to repositories starting
with a path of “/
Use --addr to specify which IP address and port the server should listen on, eg --addr 18.104.22.168:8000 or --addr :8080 to listen to all IPs. By default it only listens on localhost. You can use port :0 to let the OS choose an available port.
If you set --addr to listen on a public or LAN accessible IP address then using Authentication is advised - see the next section for info.
--server-read-timeout and --server-write-timeout can be used to control the timeouts on the server. Note that this is the total time for a transfer.
--max-header-bytes controls the maximum number of bytes the server will accept in the HTTP header.
--baseurl controls the URL prefix that rclone serves from. By default rclone will serve from the root. If you used --baseurl “/rclone” then rclone would serve from a URL starting with “/rclone/”. This is useful if you wish to proxy rclone serve. Rclone automatically inserts leading and trailing “/” on --baseurl, so --baseurl “rclone”, --baseurl “/rclone” and --baseurl “/rclone/” are all treated identically.
By default this will serve files without needing a login.
You can either use an htpasswd file which can take lots of users, or set a single username and password with the --user and --pass flags.
Use --htpasswd /path/to/htpasswd to provide an htpasswd file. This is in standard apache format and supports MD5, SHA1 and BCrypt for basic authentication. Bcrypt is recommended.
To create an htpasswd file:
touch htpasswd htpasswd -B htpasswd user htpasswd -B htpasswd anotherUser
The password file can be updated while rclone is running.
Use --realm to set the authentication realm.
By default this will serve over http. If you want you can serve over https. You will need to supply the --cert and --key flags. If you wish to do client side certificate validation then you will need to supply --client-ca also.
--cert should be a either a PEM encoded certificate or a concatenation of that with the CA certificate. --key should be the PEM encoded private key and --client-ca should be the PEM encoded client certificate authority certificate.
rclone serve restic remote:path [flags]
--addr string IPaddress:Port or :Port to bind server to. (default "localhost:8080") --append-only disallow deletion of repository data --baseurl string Prefix for URLs - leave blank for root. --cert string SSL PEM key (concatenation of certificate and CA certificate) --client-ca string Client certificate authority to verify clients with -h, --help help for restic --htpasswd string htpasswd file - if not provided no authentication is done --key string SSL PEM Private key --max-header-bytes int Maximum size of request header (default 4096) --pass string Password for authentication. --private-repos users can only access their private repo --realm string realm for authentication (default "rclone") --server-read-timeout duration Timeout for server reading data (default 1h0m0s) --server-write-timeout duration Timeout for server writing data (default 1h0m0s) --stdio run an HTTP2 server on stdin/stdout --user string User name for authentication.
See the global flags page for global options not listed here.