Mega is a cloud storage and file hosting service known for its security feature where all files are encrypted locally before they are uploaded. This prevents anyone (including employees of Mega) from accessing the files without knowledge of the key used for encryption.
This is an rclone backend for Mega which supports the file transfer features of Mega using the same client side encryption.
Paths are specified as
Paths may be as deep as required, e.g.
Here is an example of how to make a remote called
remote. First run:
This will guide you through an interactive setup process:
No remotes found, make a new one? n) New remote s) Set configuration password q) Quit config n/s/q> n name> remote Type of storage to configure. Choose a number from below, or type in your own value [snip] XX / Mega \ "mega" [snip] Storage> mega User name user> email@example.com Password. y) Yes type in my own password g) Generate random password n) No leave this optional password blank y/g/n> y Enter the password: password: Confirm the password: password: Remote config -------------------- [remote] type = mega user = firstname.lastname@example.org pass = *** ENCRYPTED *** -------------------- y) Yes this is OK e) Edit this remote d) Delete this remote y/e/d> y
NOTE: The encryption keys need to have been already generated after a regular login
via the browser, otherwise attempting to use the credentials in
rclone will fail.
Once configured you can then use
rclone like this,
List directories in top level of your Mega
rclone lsd remote:
List all the files in your Mega
rclone ls remote:
To copy a local directory to an Mega directory called backup
rclone copy /home/source remote:backup
Mega does not support modification times or hashes yet.
Invalid UTF-8 bytes will also be replaced, as they can't be used in JSON strings.
Mega can have two files with exactly the same name and path (unlike a normal file system).
Duplicated files cause problems with the syncing and you will see messages in the log about duplicates.
rclone dedupe to fix duplicated files.
If you are connecting to your Mega remote for the first time, to test access and synchronization, you may receive an error such as
Failed to create file system for "my-mega-remote:": couldn't login: Object (typically, node or user) not found
The diagnostic steps often recommended in the rclone forum start with the MEGAcmd utility. Note that this refers to the official C++ command from https://github.com/meganz/MEGAcmd and not the go language built command from t3rm1n4l/megacmd that is no longer maintained.
Follow the instructions for installing MEGAcmd and try accessing your remote as they recommend. You can establish whether or not you can log in using MEGAcmd, and obtain diagnostic information to help you, and search or work with others in the forum.
MEGA CMD> login email@example.com Password: Fetching nodes ... Loading transfers from local cache Login complete as firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com:/$
Note that some have found issues with passwords containing special characters. If you can not log on with rclone, but MEGAcmd logs on just fine, then consider changing your password temporarily to pure alphanumeric characters, in case that helps.
Mega remotes seem to get blocked (reject logins) under "heavy use". We haven't worked out the exact blocking rules but it seems to be related to fast paced, successive rclone commands.
For example, executing this command 90 times in a row
rclone link remote:file will cause the remote to become "blocked". This is not an
abnormal situation, for example if you wish to get the public links of
a directory with hundred of files... After more or less a week, the
remote will remote accept rclone logins normally again.
You can mitigate this issue by mounting the remote it with
rclone mount. This will log-in when mounting and a log-out when unmounting
only. You can also run
rclone rcd and then use
rclone rc to run
the commands over the API to avoid logging in each time.
Rclone does not currently close mega sessions (you can see them in the web interface), however closing the sessions does not solve the issue.
If you space rclone commands by 3 seconds it will avoid blocking the remote. We haven't identified the exact blocking rules, so perhaps one could execute the command 80 times without waiting and avoid blocking by waiting 3 seconds, then continuing...
Note that this has been observed by trial and error and might not be set in stone.
Other tools seem not to produce this blocking effect, as they use a different working approach (state-based, using sessionIDs instead of log-in) which isn't compatible with the current stateless rclone approach.
Note that once blocked, the use of other tools (such as megacmd) is not a sure workaround: following megacmd login times have been observed in succession for blocked remote: 7 minutes, 20 min, 30min, 30 min, 30min. Web access looks unaffected though.
Investigation is continuing in relation to workarounds based on timeouts, pacers, retrials and tpslimits - if you discover something relevant, please post on the forum.
So, if rclone was working nicely and suddenly you are unable to log-in and you are sure the user and the password are correct, likely you have got the remote blocked for a while.
Here are the Standard options specific to mega (Mega).
NB Input to this must be obscured - see rclone obscure.
Here are the Advanced options specific to mega (Mega).
Output more debug from Mega.
If this flag is set (along with -vv) it will print further debugging information from the mega backend.
Delete files permanently rather than putting them into the trash.
Normally the mega backend will put all deletions into the trash rather than permanently deleting them. If you specify this then rclone will permanently delete objects instead.
Use HTTPS for transfers.
MEGA uses plain text HTTP connections by default. Some ISPs throttle HTTP connections, this causes transfers to become very slow. Enabling this will force MEGA to use HTTPS for all transfers. HTTPS is normally not necessary since all data is already encrypted anyway. Enabling it will increase CPU usage and add network overhead.
The encoding for the backend.
See the encoding section in the overview for more info.
On accounts with large files or something else, memory usage can significantly increase when executing list/sync instructions. When running on cloud providers (like AWS with EC2), check if the instance type has sufficient memory/CPU to execute the commands. Use the resource monitoring tools to inspect after sending the commands. Look at this issue.
This backend uses the go-mega go library which is an opensource go library implementing the Mega API. There doesn't appear to be any documentation for the mega protocol beyond the mega C++ SDK source code so there are likely quite a few errors still remaining in this library.
Mega allows duplicate files which may confuse rclone.